In Japan, the Economic Planning Agency and Economic Council were dissolved as a result of the reorganization of the central government ministries and agencies in 2001, which inevitably resulted in a change in the direction of the national development planning and implementation system that had led economic planning in postwar Japan. Economic plans led by the central ministries and agencies have not been formulated in Japan since then; only outlines indicating soft guidelines have been developed. On the other hand, local governments have continued to formulate comprehensive plans autonomously even after the revision of the Local Government Law, and are conducting development planning and implementation consistent with various statutory plans, such as urban planning, transport planning, and environmental planning.
In Egypt, a decentralization of power is being called for, but concrete systems and polices have yet to be formulated. As a result, planning is still led by the central government. Therefore, they have much to learn from the above-mentioned economic plans of local governments in Japan.
In the training in Japan, we propose provisioning the following training to use as a reference for developing a future national development planning and implementation system in Egypt.
- The Project will coordinate the training curriculum by taking into consideration Egypt’s requests.
- National plan of the central government level (comprehensive plan, individual policy plan)
- Regional plans of prefectures (comprehensive plan: basic concept—basic plan—implementation plan—business unit)
- Regional plan of municipal governments (comprehensive plan: basic concept—basic plan—implementation plan—business unit)
- Actual policy evaluation system (policy—measures—administrative project (program, project))
- For example, how to link budget, planning, and policy
- Administrative planning system (basis laws and ordinances and planning system: 300 planning laws and 600 statutory plans)
- Decentralization and changes in regional plans
- Policy formation process (government and councils, public participation, town meetings, use of think tanks)
- The training period will be up to about two weeks (excluding travel time) in early December 2016.
- The training site will be JICA or the central and local administrative agencies involved in JICA’s national development planning and implementation system-related projects.
In considering a new national development planning and implementation system in Egypt, it is deemed effective to learn both the history of central planning led by Economic Planning Agency and Economic Council in postwar Japan and the current planning system led by local governments that changed their policy direction towards decentralization.