Project Outline

Project Outline

Background of The Project

Based upon the request from Egyptian Government, Japan International Cooperation Agency (hereafter “JICA”) had supported the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (hereafter “MOPIC”), which became Ministry of Planning (hereafter “MOP”) after the revolution in January 2011. JICA had dispatched planning expert in June 2011, and then MOPIC organized Planning Committee (hereafter “PC”) in order to prepare the Master Plan that covers 10 years from 2012 to 2022. The name of the Master Plan is “National Income Doubling Plan: 10 years strategic framework 2012/2022”. It was published by MOPIC under the coordination of the Minister Fayza Aboul Naga in June 2012.

However, after starting new Cabinet in August 2012, MOPIC started to revise the Master Plan, and it was renamed to “Strategic Framework for Economic and Social Development Plan until 2022” (Fig.1 ) that was published in Nov 2012 under the supervision of the Minister Ashraf Al Araby.

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project-outline

MOPIC recognized the importance to follow-up the Master Plan. Then, MOPIC and JICA started to discuss how JICA can support to implement Master Plan in Egypt. As first step, MOPIC and JICA mutually agreed on Minutes of the Meeting (hereafter “M/M”) for JICA Technical Cooperation in 14th of March 2013. Based upon M/M, MOPIC and JICA had continued further clarification on JICA Technical Cooperation. Finally, MOPIC and JICA mutually agreed on Record of Discussion (hereafter “R/D”) for JICA’s technical cooperation on 15th April 2012.

After signing R/D, MOPIC was reorganized into two different ministries, Ministry of Planning, which is responsible not only for planning, but also following up national projects (hereafter MOP) and Ministry of International Cooperation.

JICA signed the Record of Discussion (“R/D”) for the “Sharing Knowledge on Development and Implementation of Execution Plans Project in Egypt” (the “Project”) with the former Ministry of Planning of Egypt in April 2013. Due to the political change that took place in July 2013, the implementation of the project was forced to be postponed (cf. Figure 1).

Subsequently, JICA decided to launch the Project by dividing it into two stages: Phase 1 (formulation of a detailed plan) and Phase 2 (implementation of the detailed plan agreed on in Phase 1). JICA commenced activities for Phase 1 of the Project on 23rd of October, 2014.

During Phase 1, we formulated a detailed plan for Phase 2 based on changes in the circumstances between the time the R/D was signed in 2013 and conducting of operations for Phase 1 in 2015. We then revised the Project Design Matrix (“PDM”) and Plan of Operation (“PO”) before signing the Minutes of Meeting (“MM”) in September 2015.

Phase 1 had initially been planned to last for six months until 31st March, 2015, but was postponed until 30th of September, 2015, due in part to the postponement of parliamentary elections.

At the start of operations for Phase 2, parliamentary elections were scheduled to take place from October to November 2015. If parliamentary elections were implemented as planned, a new administration will be inaugurated in January 2016. JICA’s project team plans to make preparations to respond to the new administration after the parliamentary elections and Ministry of Planning, Monitoring and Administration Reform (“MOPMAR”).


Basic Policy for the Execution of Operations (Purpose)

Egypt currently does not have a complete framework for national development planning and Implementation.  Especially the planning policy layers must be supported and developed. Therefore, based on collaboration with MOP, JICA’s project team has proposed the development of a Master Plan (long-term plan) and Execution Plan (“EP”) as planning frameworks. We have also proposed the establishment of a Planning Committee (“PC”) to steer the preparation and execution of plans. JICA’s project team considers the EP and PC as key factors for planning policy layers.

Due to the structure change of MOPMAR, the EP and PC have not been implemented yet.  However, we believe those are indispensable for improving national development planning and implementation in Egypt.

 

PDM has established the following Overall Goal:

Improvement in the process of national development planning and implementation according to national priorities.

That is to say, the objective of execution of operation is to improve the process of national development planning and implementation in Egypt through technical cooperation projects. JICA’s project team will conduct the project with the objective of providing assistance to MOPMAR for the entire process of preparing and implementing the national development process, and improving it.

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MOPMAR was recently working on the formulation of a long-term plan called Sustainable Development Strategy 2030 Egypt future vision (“SDS2030”), which was released on 24th of February 2015. MOPMAR seeks to establish this as the general plan of the Egyptian government and place it at the core to link it with the medium-term plans, short-term (annual) plans, and individual plans that other ministries and agencies set for each important policy.

What is required from JICA’s project team under the current circumstances is to support the national development planning and implementation promoted by MOPMAR, as well as to point out and make improvements to any inadequacies with the framework for national development planning and implementation.

As for activities starting in November 2015, we will first set up a PC preparatory committee and support it in creating a definition document for the PC. At the same time, we will set out to prepare a draft of the EP. During its course, the PC preparatory committee will examine such factors as what constitutes the EP, what kind of structure the EP should have, what kind of information the EP should contain and how it should be used, in order to promote the understanding of the EP within MOPMAR.

Activities for the EP and PC will be the basis of national development planning and implementation in Egypt; thus we plan to continue the activities until September 2017.